Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders for children and adolescents. As a result of symptom variation between children and adults, MDD is often unrecognized and left untreated10. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a persistent state of sadness and loss of interest lasting 2 weeks or more that can impact how one feels, thinks, and behaves and can result in emotional and physical problems. This is the more severe form of depression that could lead to changes in behaviors, sleep, energy levels, and self-confidence.
Depression in adolescence is a risk factor for suicide, substance use disorder, and long-term psychological and social impairment in adulthood10. Due to these risks, early intervention is the absolutely key to treatment of depressed youths10.
- Increased irritability.
- Crying or shouting outburst.
- Displaying symptoms of anxiety.
- Decreased interest in play.
- Thoughts of worthlessness or suicide.
- Increased bodily complaints (i.e., stomach ache, headache).
- Low self-esteem and feelings of guilt and hopelessness.
- Increased boredom.
- Poor school performance
- Difficulty sleeping.
- Loss of appetite.
- Thoughts of self-harm or suicide.
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