Anxiety disorders can be described as frequent fears, worries, or anxiety that negatively impact an individual’s ability to function within multiple environments (i.e.; school, home, socially). There are several different types of anxiety disorders which may impact an individual’s functioning in varying ways. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , 7.1% of children aged 3-17 years (Approximately 4.4 million) have diagnosed anxiety disorders. These diagnosis include:
Depressive disorders are characterized by feelings of sadness or irritability which impact the individual's ability to function or create distress in them (Elia J, 2021). Depressive disorders may impact the child’s ability to actively take part in aspects of their environment, and as a result of a potential difficulty expressing what they are feeling, an awareness of the symptoms of depressive disorders is key. Depressive disorders include disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) among others.
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are multifaceted conditions characterized by impairments in cognition, communication, behavior and/or motor skills resulting from abnormal brain development. Disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are diagnoses which fall into the domain of neurodevelopmental disorders.