Anxiety disorders can be described as frequent fears, worries, or anxiety that negatively impact an individual’s ability to function in different environments. Research has displayed 7.1% of children aged 3-17 years old (approximately 4.4 million) have diagnosed anxiety disorders7.
Depressive disorders are mental disorders characterized by feelings of sadness or irritability which cause distress and affect an individual's ability to function effectively in society8. Depressive disorders affect a child’s ability to actively take part in various aspects of their environment. Due to the difficulty in expressing their feelings, it is important that parents are aware of the symptoms of depressive disorders in children and adolescents in order to aid early prevention and treatment. Depressive disorders include major depressive disorder (MDD) and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), amongst others.